Journal of Frontiers of Computer Science and Technology ›› 2023, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (3): 533-548.DOI: 10.3778/j.issn.1673-9418.2208010

• Frontiers·Surveys • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Overview of Closed-Domain Deep Learning Event Extraction Methods

JIAO Lei, YUN Jing, LIU Limin, ZHENG Bofei, YUAN Jingshu   

  1. 1.College of Data Science and Application, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Hohhot 010080, China
    2.Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Engineering & Technology Research Center of Big Data Based Software Service, Hohhot 010080, China
  • Online:2023-03-01 Published:2023-03-01



  1. 1.内蒙古工业大学 数据科学与应用学院, 呼和浩特  010080
    2.内蒙古自治区基于大数据的软件服务工程技术研究中心,  呼和浩特  010080

Abstract: As one of the research hotspots in natural language processing, event extraction can extract valuable information from massive data and present it to users in a structured form, which has a broad application prospect as well as great application value in public opinion monitoring, information retrieval, financial venture capital and so on. With the development of deep learning, event extraction methods based on deep learning have received more and more attention from researchers. Through the task definition of event extraction, the existing research theories of deep learning-based event extraction are described; the processing ideas of deep learning-based event extraction are explored by analyzing the event extraction methods composed of different neural network models, and the deep learning-based event extraction methods are classified according to the different processing ideas. In each classification, the most classical research works are analyzed in detail in terms of their problem sources, solutions, contributions and shortcomings; the current research basis of event extraction is illustrated through the introduction of event extraction datasets; the current development status of event extraction is summarized through the performance performance of event extraction on different datasets. On this basis, we summarize and analyze the difficulties and challenges faced by the current deep learning application to event extraction, and provide an outlook on the development prospect of event extraction.

Key words: event extraction, deep learning, closed-domain, event data set, Natural Language Processing(NLP)

摘要: 事件抽取作为自然语言处理的研究热点之一,其可以从海量数据中提取出有价值的信息,并以结构化的形式展现给用户,在舆情监控、信息检索、金融风投等方面有着广阔的应用前景以及巨大的应用价值。随着深度学习的发展,基于深度学习的事件抽取方法受到越来越多研究人员的关注。通过事件抽取的任务定义,描述基于深度学习事件抽取现有的研究理论;通过分析不同神经网络模型构成的事件抽取方法,探究基于深度学习事件抽取的处理思路,并根据不同的处理思路,将深度学习的事件抽取方法进行分类。在每个分类中,对最经典的研究工作从其问题来源、解决方案、贡献以及缺陷不足进行详细的分析;通过事件抽取数据集的介绍,说明当前事件抽取的研究基础;通过在不同数据集上的事件抽取性能表现,归纳当前事件抽取的发展现状。在此基础上,对当前深度学习应用于事件抽取所面临的困难和挑战进行总结与分析,并对事件抽取的发展前景进行展望。

关键词: 事件抽取, 深度学习, 封闭域, 事件数据集, 自然语言处理